Work Packages

RP1 Creative Laboratory

The key topic of RP 1 is the origin and place of the concept of creativity, as a domain of free society, in the Euro-Atlantic space. University, newly perceived as an open, social institution, serves as a model of this society in relation to liberal education. Research of creativity arises from the notion of the so-called self-creating (“autopoietic”) systems and places emphasis on the self-reflexive aspect of autopoiesis, as it has been traditionally developed in philosophy and nowadays finds new applications in pragmatic theories of language, theories of autonomy of the literary field, cognitive sciences, and artificial intelligence. Our research focuses on the relation between creativity, pragmatic approach to knowledge, experience, and especially culture. The uniqueness of this approach resides in its focus on the performative function of language (further explored in RP2), especially its dynamic nature as a borderline between social organizations and communication systems. Related topics include the notions of borderline and border as a source of continuity and identity of the autopoietic system; the ability of culture to function as a borderline integrating culturally different environments; and forms of discontinuity in the history of various cultures (further explored in RP3) caused also by the development of ‘new media’. Applied research in RP3 focuses on creative industries and their development and suggests solutions for their problems, which support the development of creativity; and fosters cooperation aiming towards the formation of creative clusters and incubators. Another important goal is the development of ‘digital humanities’ in the area of editing manuscripts, working with language corpora, data mining, and analyzing internet data (especially from the social media) which document the changes in the structures of media and social behavior.

Milestones

Project proposal on Autopoiesis, Creativity and a Pragmatic Concept of Experience will be prepared collectively by all work packages within RP1 and submitted in 2020, in collaboration with the strategic partner KU Leuven, under one of H2020 calls, in order to meet the requirement of the indicator ‘number of team members participating in international collaborative programs’ (04/2022).

WP 1.1 Autopoiesis and Creativity

Aim: To elaborate on the notion of autopoiesis in relation to the concepts of freedom, adaptation, and creativity.

1.1.1 Tasks

T1.1 Research of basic concepts of the autopoietic concept of experience.

T1.2 Research of autopoiesis in an interdisciplinary perspective.

T1.3 Establishing a group for the research of political philosophy, ethics, and interfaith dialogue, and determining general research themes. (03/2018)

T1.4 Research development in the area of political philosophy, ethics, and interfaith dialogue and its establishment, with special focus on philosophical presuppositions and their historical context.

T1.5 Research of the concept of knowledge and various forms of experience in terms of the ‘embodied mind’.

T1.6 Interrelation of knowledge, corporeality, and behavior as a common topic of philosophy and cognitive sciences.

T1.7 Study of autopoiesis and creativity in relation to literary as well as artistic genres.

T1.8 Research of normative poetics, historical styles, and schools of thought as stimuli of creativity.

T1.9 Field research of borderline religious phenomena in contemporary society, including the study of mechanisms leading to the rise of new ritual forms.

T1.10 Creativity as a source of modalities of cultural reflexivity within borderline religious phenomena in contemporary society.

T1.11 Research of the autopoietic structure of the university and its relation to freedom in an interconnected society.

T1.12 Research of the gradual rise of literary-field autonomy from an intra- and extra-literary point of view.

T1.13 Research of the crucial periods of modernism (i.a. fin-de-siècle) and post-modernism in an international and intercultural perspective.

1.1.2 Results and Deliverables

The results of WP1.1 research activities are primarily centered around the basic methodological topic of the entire project, i.e. autopoiesis and its role in the formation of a free society, in relation to other concepts such as creativity, adaptation, self-reflection, freedom, and others, both on a general level and in individual areas of experience (religion, literature) and in diverse perspectives (historical, cognitive, philosophical). The key deliverables are hence academic studies and conferences on the given topics, and, in relation to the wider public, exhibitions, summer schools, and the like.

1.1.3 Milestones

M1.1 International conference on the topic of Autopoiesis in Perspective. The results of tasks T1.1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12 will be presented at the international conference and compared to the current state of knowledge. It summarizes the first research stage of WP1.1 (10/2019).

M1.2 International conference on the topic of Is Education Free? The conference will be a key deliverable of tasks T1.1, 2, and 11, a milestone in terms of research localization of the entire project in a university environment. Participation of key international experts is expected, they will be involved in a debate on the role of the university in an interconnected society (06/2021).

M1.3 International CEACS congress: Transnational Challenges to Canadian Culture, Society, and Environment. The prestigious Central European Association for Canadian Studies congress will be organized in collaboration with the Canadian Embassy in the Czech Republic (09/2018).

WP1.2 Fiction, Play, and Performativity as Forms of Creativity and the Foundations of a Pragmatic Concept of Culture

Aim:  To develop an innovative trans-disciplinary approach to the issues of performativity and experience in the learning process and in modern and contemporary culture.

1.2.1 Tasks

T2.1 Creativity and performativity as the foundations of dramatic production as well as a pragmatic concept of culture in Early Modern theatre.

T2.2 Early modern theatre and the ways in which entertainment industry functions in political and economic relations of the day.

T2.3 Parallels between the aesthetic and economic functions of early modern theatre and some characteristics of contemporary creative industries.

T2.4 Aspects of the romantic concepts of imagination, drama, and artistic production as ideologies of political emancipation in comparison with contemporary manifestations of radicalism.

T2.5 Dynamics of the Romantic concept of history and culture in the ideologies of national and social emancipation of that time.

T2.6 Transformations of the concept of creativity in relation to technological progress and the rise of new artistic and communication media.

T2.7 Comparison of the functions of creativity in the development of avant-garde, popular, and commercial art.

T2.8 Creativity and performativity in the development of modern and contemporary theatre.

T2.9 Pragmatic concept of fiction as interface.

T2.10 The importance of a pragmatic concept of culture for a new understanding of cultural identity and the possibility of intercultural communication in conflict situations.

T2.11 The concept of dialogue as a ‘functional approximation’ and a pragmatic theory of fiction.

T2.12 Transformation of dialogue influenced by recent theories of discourse, culture, and play.

T2.13 Reassessment of pragmatic cultural anthropology drawing on the late work of W. Iser.

T2.14 The concept of culture as an ‘emergent phenomenon’ in relation to contemporary theories of entropy.

1.2.2 Results and Deliverables

The basic outcomes of research activities within WP1.2 (tasks T2.1-14) will involve the development of a trans-disciplinary approach to the issues of performativity in theories of knowledge as well as in modern and contemporary culture, emphasizing intercultural communication based on the concept of culture as dialogue, and a description of the fundamental role of culture in the active formation of human environment, particularly through fiction, play, and visuality. This approach will lay the ground for a theoretical and historical description of changes in the concept of cultural identity in the Middle Ages, the Early Modern era and the present, with emphasis on multinational and multilingual hybrid cultures (in collaboration with the identity research within RP2 and RP3).

1.2.3 Milestones

M2.1 International conference on the topic of Performativity and Creativity in Early Modern Culture. The results of T2.1-3 will be confronted and contrasted with the current state of research and tied in with international research on the basis of existing and new collaborations (11/2019).

M2.2  Obtaining financial support from Erasmus+ for the program H2020 MSCA ITN EJD for the project Migration and Modernity: Historical and Cultural Challenges (MOVES), with the partners University of Kent, Freie Universität Berlin, Université Paul Valéry, Montpellier III and Universidade do Porto. Application of the results of T2.4, 5, and D2.9 in the international context of university education programs. Meeting the demands of the indicator ‘number of team members participating in international collaborative programs’ . (05/2018)

M2.3 International conference on the topic of Culture as Interface and Dialogue. The results of T2.9-2.14 will be confronted with the current state of research and tied in with international research on the basis of existing and new collaborations. Publication of a collective monograph based on the conference (10/2022).

WP1.3 Continuity, Discontinuity, Tradition

Aim: To analyze forms of continuity, discontinuity, and tradition in culture and society.

1.3.1 Tasks

T3.1 Research of diverse types of disruption of the continual development in literature.

T3.2 Research of diverse types of continual development disruption in broader interdisciplinary and intercultural contexts.

T3.3 Interdisciplinary research of the term ‘artistic boundary’.

T3.4 Interdisciplinary research of the issue of creative identity.

T3.5 Researching the concept of the relationship between individuality and institution in literature and culture.

T3.6 Researching the forms of cultural, mental, and geographical discontinuity in the history of Czech literature, culture, and media in the 19th and 20th centuries against a wider Central European background.

T3.7 Research of institutional approaches to literary and cultural history (reception, interpretation, school education, etc.).

T3.8 Historically oriented research of ‘new media’.

T3.9 Research of the concept of text and intertextuality, particularly during crucial turning points in the late Antiquity and the late Middle Ages

T3.10 Identities and (dis)continuities in 12th-century literature written in English.

T3.11 Continuities and discontinuities in Elias Lönnrot’s Kalevala (1849).

T3.12 Continuity among language forms in Czech and Central European mediaeval theatre.

T3.13 Late mediaeval theatrical forms related to the carnival as a liminal religious phenomenon.

T3.14 Research of the concept of identity in relation to the concepts of autopoiesis, reflection, and interface.

T3.15 Research of the concept of identity in an interdisciplinary perspective.

1.3.2 Results and Deliverables

The results of WP1.3 research activities are centered around the basic methodological topic of the entire project, which is the monitoring of the forms of cultural, mental, and geographical continuity, discontinuity, and identity as reflected both in the Czech 19th- and 20th-century literary and cultural history, and against a wider Central European background, and in confrontation with the forms of continuity, discontinuity, and identity in the preceding periods, especially in the Middle Ages and in a wider European context. The main types of deliverables are hence academic studies and monographs, chiefly collective monographs, as well as conferences on the given topics.

1.3.3 Milestones

M3.1 Publication of the collective monograph Fictions of the Real: Representations of Historical Persons and Events of the Czech Context in Fictional Discourses. This is one of the key deliverables of WP3. A theoretical and historical mapping of the forms and expressions of the clash between fiction and reality in the 19th- and 20th-century Czech literature and culture (10/2022).

M3.2 Congress IMC Leeds: Memory. The largest mediaevalist congress in 2018 will focus, under the management of L. Doležalová and J. Čermák, on the topic of memory as related to the concept of textuality (07/2018).

M3.3 International congress Société Internationale pour l’étude du théâtre médiéval. Periodic congress of the society bringing together scholars from all over the world (France, Great Britain, USA, Canada, Germany, Italy), thematic sections, e.g. on the relationship between the sacred and the profane, the forms of dramatic text and textuality (and editing practice), parody in mediaeval theatre (07/2022).

WP1.4 Research of Creative Industries

Aim: To create an infrastructure for the collaboration between academia and the creative industries, to identify critical problems of the creative industries, and to suggest solutions to these problems.

1.4.1 Tasks

T4.1 Establishment of the ‘Group for the Research of Audiovisual Industries in Central and Eastern Europe’.

T4.2 Internship program, combining learning by practice, support of employability in the application area (culture and creative industries), and qualitative data gathering.

T4.3 Qualitative and quantitative data gathering on the critical problems of the audiovisual industry which hamper the development of creativity, competitive ability and innovation in audiovisual production and distribution.

T4.4 Critical analysis of cultural practice in the area of cultural and creative industries: theoretical and methodological preparation.

T4.5 Critical analysis of production practice in the development phase and the realization of an audiovisual work.

T4.6 Critical analysis of distribution and reception practice in the area of audiovisual industry and culture.

T4.7 Data gathering for a comparative research of Central and Eastern European audiovisual industries.

T4.8 Comparative analysis of cultural practice in audiovisual production and distribution.

T4.9 Proposing solutions to the critical problems identified as obstacles to the development of creativity, competitive ability, and innovation in audiovisual production and distribution.

T4.10 Expanded internship program, combining learning through practice and support of employability in the application area.

T4.11 Establishment of a platform for the methodological preparation of the Creative Cluster Kampus Hybernská in collaboration with the Prague City Hall.

1.4.2 Results and Deliverables

The results and deliverables of WP1.4 will comprise methodological preparation, data gathering, and data analysis within tasks T4.3-4.8. Other deliverables include research rights and a draft of an amendment to the current non-legislative regulation, proposing a solution to the critical problems that will be identified in the practice of creative industries in the form of best-practice descriptions (T4.9).

1.4.3 Milestones

M4.1 State commission for a research report on the critical problems in audiovisual industry. The State Fund for Cinematography in the Czech Republic (see letter of interest) is planning to publish a call for the formation of such a commission. Data and results from tasks T4.3-4.6 will be used in the formation of the commission (05/2019).

M4.2 International conference Screen Industries in East-Central Europe 9. The theoretical and methodological solutions of T4.3-4.6 will be compared to and contrasted with current research and linked to international research on the basis of existing and new collaborations (11/2019).

M4.3 International conference Screen Industries in East-Central Europe 11. The results of T4.3-4.6 will be compared to current research and submitted to internationally recognized experts for a critical reflection (11/2021).

WP1.5 Digital Humanities

Aim: To increase the efficiency of digital humanities tools in humanities-oriented research.

1.5.1 Tasks

T5.1 Research of theoretical grounds and methods of digital humanities.

T5.2 Research of new media and their impact on changes in society.

T5.3 Development of digital-humanities software tools.

T5.4 Research of new forms of religiosity in the new media environment.

T5.5 Web portal introducing Czech mediaeval texts in translation.

T5.6 International workshops and conferences in the area of digital editing.

T5.7 Preparing joint international projects in the field of digital humanities.

T5.8 Establishment of an interdisciplinary research group uniting digital lexicography projects.

1.5.2 Results and Deliverables

The results of WP1.5 research activities are based on the fundamental topics of digital humanities, namely, on analyses of large data-files through computational methods and analyses of data from social networks, but also on the individual research topics listed above (religiosity in cyberspace, mediaeval sources, lexicographical research support). There are two types of WP5 deliverables: theoretical publications of basic research and research software tools of applied research.

1.5.3 Milestones

M5.1 New Media Inspiration conference; interim results of the theoretical research in digital humanities and the impact of new media on the transformation of society will be presented. The New Media Inspiration conference is organized annually at CUFA, and this particular year will be devoted to the specific research topics above. The conference brings together academia and the entrepreneurial sphere, particularly in the area of creative industries (02/2019).

M5.2 Creation of software tool prototypes for research in digital humanities and for the evaluation of their efficiency. The development of software tools involves design and development of a functioning prototype and evaluation of the prototype in a pilot study (08/2022).

M5.3 International conference on digital editions. The annual conference of the European Society for Textual Scholarship will be organized in Prague, with a special section devoted to digital editing (11/2018).

M5.4 Creation of a web portal for the Czech mediaeval texts translated into world languages. The portal will be built with a broader vision in mind – so that, in collaboration with international experts, it can become the portal providing access to mediaeval sources in other minority languages.  The portal will contribute to a significant degree of international collaboration within Mediaeval studies (01/2019).

M5.5 International project within Horizon 2020 (Marie Curie ITN). Project on digital editions, not only of mediaeval texts (T5.7) in collaboration with CNRS Lyon and University of Köln. Part of the project will also focus on digital work with manuscripts (digital paleography, digital codicology) (08/2022).

RP2 – Socio-Cultural Adaptation

RP2 focuses on the processes of social and cultural adaptation in their linguistic, socio-psychological, and historical manifestations. The research is motivated primarily by the noticeable increase in social diversity, the shifting borders and their permeability, the changing strategies of interaction and adaptation, and the growing importance of expert decisions in the management of these processes. The research focuses on language as a complex adaptive system whose systematic changes in authentic interactions provide an insight into the functioning of the human mind. An important aspect of the program is the research of socio-cultural connections in communication practices, including adaptation in a multilingual environment related to migration (migration as such is explored mainly in RP3 Strategic Regions). The project also reflects upon the pivotal role of communication in the formation of human identity, both group and individual, within the research strand that investigates the psycho-social aspects of adaptation. Another topic within this line of research is a study of the main development stages in the life of an individual, examined in the context of cognitive and general socio-psychological adaptive mechanisms from a life-long perspective. The historical dimension of the program observes adaptation processes in the context of accelerating urbanization: it investigates the newly perceived phenomenon of cultural heritage and its importance in the life of a society; analyses the role of experts in managing a society; and explores the nature of archaeologically documented adaptation processes which can be found in older history of the so-called ‘disputed regions’. All these research strands are reflected upon, to a different extent and in a different way, in relation to the changing but at the same time stable and resilient city, by means of a creative implementation of innovations and strategic use of both material and immaterial cultural heritage. The proposed multidisciplinary approach allows us to interpret complex socio-cultural adaptations whose clarification and understanding is a key prerequisite for understanding contemporary historical constellations, including the position of Europe in the interconnected world.

Milestones

Closing international conference focusing on complex aspects of linguistic and psycho-social adaptation in today’s globalized world.

2.1 WP2.1 Language and Communication

This work package studies human language as complex adaptive system, which provides a window into the functioning of human mind, memory, and social cognition. The research aims at formulating generalizations about language as a type of symbolic system and a mental behavior and also as a tool for verbal interaction, with its own communicative strategies that are shaped in relation to the socio-cultural norms of a given society. Part of the research is also devoted to a further development of material resources (language corpora), which contribute considerably toward strengthening the empirical foundation of linguistic analysis.

2.1.1 Tasks

T1.1 Adaptation of the society to its multilingual character.

T1.2 Language standardization and de-standardization as forms of adaptation, concerning both individuals and communities in the modern and postmodern times.

T1.3 Language-communication effects of the use of information and communication technologies.

T1.4 Primary socialization in language-contact situations.

T1.5 Research of the sound properties of spoken Czech in relation to specific contextual settings, stylistic modulations, and situational conditioning.

T1.6 Research of individually and socially conditioned factors in speech, aiming at creating a speech corpus which will include stylistic information.

T1.7 Models of language adaptation at different levels of communication.

T1.8 Research of the characteristics of spontaneous conversational Czech.

T1.9 Complex analysis of communication behavior based in the theoretical and methodological tools of cognitive linguistics.

T1.10 Adaptation models in multilingual contexts, with particular focus on comparative studies between Czech and other languages through empirical studies using multilingual corpora.

T1.11 Creation of a complete survey of language resources available for diachronic linguistic research, including relevant kinds of metadata. Identification of appropriate statistical and linguistic tools for diachronic analysis.

T1.12 In close cooperation with KU Leuven, identification of language phenomena in diachronic material for further analysis, especially as suitable test cases for various theoretical models of language change.

T1.13 Analysis of diachronic material and research of language change.

T1.14 Research of second-language acquisition.

T1.15 Adaptation issues in second-language acquisition.

T1.16 Psychological and social aspects of communication in a foreign language.

T1.17 Building of specialized corpora. Development and implementation of adequate tools for analyzing corpus data.

T1.18 Corpus-based research of contemporary European languages.

2.1.2 Results and Deliverables

The results of WP1 research activities will be, above all, the findings provided by basic research in linguistics, particularly in the field of sociolinguistics and language planning (following T1.1-4), analysis of linguistic adaptation at various levels of language organization (phonetic, morphological, syntactic, and discourse; T1.5-10), in the field of diachronic linguistics (T1.11-13), second language acquisition and its psycho-social aspects (T1.14-16), and in the field of corpus linguistics. To some extent, the individual fields necessarily overlap.

2.1.3 Milestones

M1.1 Digital Editions Summer School Prague. A summer school in which the participants will learn the tools for creating, administrating, and presenting digital editions of texts, which can consequently serve as reliable material for quantitative language analysis within T1.12 and T1.17 (11/2018).

M1.2 Lecture series featuring foreign researchers in the area of digital humanities within the framework of the Medieval Conflicts and Contrasts series. Focus is on the identification and transfer of international trends in the field of digital humanities from a diachronic perspective, and a kick-off for task T1.12 (12/2018).

M1.3 International conference 27th International Association for Forensic Phonetics and Acoustics held in Prague. The conference focuses on speaker identification, identification of idiosyncratic and socially motivated features in an individual’s speech, and methodological and technical aspects of forensic practice (02/2019).

M1.4 Diachro-Prague 2020 conference. International conference about diachronic linguistics focusing on creating diachronic corpora and tools for their use (T1.11-12) (01/2020).

M1.5 Conference 1st Prague Italian Linguistics Meeting. International conference focusing on the diachronic aspects of Italian, with the participation of prestigious universities and lecturers (Cambridge – Ledgeway, Oxford – Maiden, Vienna – Remberger, Cruschina, Leiden – D’Alessandro; Curych – Loporcaro); following particularly T1.13 (05/2021).

M1.6 International conference Globalizing Sociolinguistics focusing on the development of the sociolinguistic theory of globalization, particularly in relation to T1.1 and T1.3, in collaboration with University of Leiden (06/2021).

M1.7 International conference 7th International Language Management Symposium, in  collaboration with Sophia University, Tokyo, and Universität Regensburg, particularly in relation to T1.1, T1.2 and T1.4 focusing on strategies in solving communication problems in today’s world (09/2021).

M1.8 International conference Czech and Other Languages,  focusing on contrastive studies of Czech and other languages and including problems of second-language acquisition, with participation of Bohemists from abroad. Related to T1.8, 10, 14–16, 18 (02/2022).

M1.9 International conference Morfosintaxis del español actual, with the participation of distinguished Hispanists from Universidad Complutense, Universidad de Valencia, Universidad Santiago de Compostela, and other universities; related to T1.10 a T1.18 (04/2022).

M1.10 Creating joint doctoral studies with the Polish University of Łódź focusing on second language acquisition (03/2019).

WP2.2 Psycho-Social Factors in Successful Adaptation

This work package is devoted to studying adaptation in relation to the socio-cultural environment and the human mind. The aim is to advance our understanding of the factors that contribute to fulfilling one’s individual potential and making use of individual strengths, and to create models of an optimal arrangement of these factors at various levels of generality. The key research topics include the developmental stages of individuals, groups, and the whole society; formative life situations and their context in families, school, workplace, and self-fulfillment; and both the risks and protective factors of this development. Related to these topics are also issues concerning the adaptation of an individual lifestyle; permanently changing conditions in today’s societies as well as adaptation to changes in the everyday environment of individual actors; a deeper understanding of the risks and protective factors associated with adaptation in the key stages of life both in individuals belonging to the regular population and in those with increased vulnerability; and applying this understanding in making psycho-social interventions more effective.

2.2.1 Tasks

T2.1 Cognitive processes in adolescents, their learning and problem-solving abilities.

T2.2 Reading literacy as a precondition for socio-cultural adaptation in information society.

T2.3 Analysis of predictive factors in successful development from a life-time perspective.

T2.4 Analysis of protective and risk factors in social and health care transformation.

T2.5 Subjective and objective indicators of social and health care transformation.

T2.6 Programs in adaptation support for selected groups.

2.2.2 Results and Deliverables

WP3 research results are primarily centered around the core theme of the whole project, concerning specifically the psycho-social factors in successful adaptation from lifelong perspective. Therefore, professional studies and conferences related to the main topic make up the main output.

2.2.3 Milestones

M2.1 Presentation of results at the 35th International Conference of Psychiatry Section of the J.E. Purkyně Czech Medical Association.

M2.2 Deepening cooperation with Prof. Alexander T. Vazsonyi (University of Kentucky) in the field of successful development (broader collaboration in life transitions topics).

M2.3 Publication on the topic of Deinstitutionalization in the Czech Republic.

M2.4 Presentation of research results at the 32nd International Congress of Psychology.

M2.5 Presentation of research results at the 34th International Conference of Psychiatry Section of the J.E. Purkyně Czech Medical Association.

M2.6 Interdisciplinary conference on the topic of psycho-social factors in socio-cultural adaptation.

M2.7 Presentation of research results at the 22nd Social Processes and Personality Conference.

M2.8 A monograph on subjective and objective indicators in evaluating psycho-social interventions.

WP2.3 History of Adaptation Processes

WP2.3 studies the changes in interpretation of history and in a self-identification with cultural heritage, as adaptation strategies used by individuals, groups, and institutions in local, regional, national, and international contexts as well as in a historical perspective.

2.3.1 Tasks

T3.1 Definition of adaptation processes and identification of analytic tools.

T3.2 Establishing a doctoral and post-doctoral seminar.

T3.3 Strategic use of the interpretation of cultural heritage.

T3.5 Research of adaptation strategies in ancient communities and transfers of cultural values in space and time.

T3.6 Activation of networks with participating partners and experts.

T3.7 Integration of cultural heritage as an adaptation strategy into the study program.

T3.8 Role of technologies from a comparative perspective of adaptation strategies.

T3.9 Research of the reception of the antiquity and antique civilizations in the 19th and 20th centuries.

T3.10 Strategic use of the cultural heritage interpretation II.

T3.11 Adaptation and migration in a local and global context.

T3.12 Evaluation of specific case studies and creating sets of indicators reflecting the Europeanization of cultural heritage.

T3.13 Interpretation of the research results in the area of cultural heritage, expert level of adaptation, and various forms of reception in the past from a comparative perspective.

T3.14 Summarization and delivery of the research results in the area of history of adaptation processes.

2.3.2 Milestones

M3.1 Kick-off meeting WP2.3. Methods and concepts; adaptability, technology, innovation, identity, cultural heritage, regions, etc. For all participants of WP2.3, a part of which will be section WP3 with associated partners – activation of research and social network in relation to T3.5 (05/2018).

M.3.2 Workshop for the research and social network at the conference EAHI Interpret Europe (in relation to T3.2) (05/2018).

M.3.3 Assessment and presentation of the results in the first year of the project by taking part in international conferences such as European Association for Urban History held at the University Roma Tre (in relation to D3.3 a D3.7) (09/2020).

M.3.4    Interdisciplinary conference Adaptation along the Borderzones. Discussion over the results of the field research with regard to border regions. In relation to T3.2, T3.3 a T3.4 (10/2018).

M.3.5 Assessment and presentation of the results at halftime of the project, in the form of participation at the World Congress of Historians in Poznan (or at EAUH or ESSHC conferences) (09/2020).

M.3.6 Exhibition The Antiquity and the Czech Lands. The influence of collecting antiques on the art of the 19th and 20th centuries in the Czech lands (10/2021).

M.3.7 Accreditation of a new MA program with a working title Public History and Cultural Heritage. In collaboration with  a new partner, North Carolina State University, which may apply for a grant in H2020 (T3.7) (09/2022).

M.3.8 Closing conference together with the associated partners and experts in the professional network (D3.16) (09/2022).

RP3 – Strategic Regions

The project is based on the situation in present-day Europe which – as a continent and civilisation entity – faces enormous challenges related to movement of people and ideologies in the interconnected world. The key topic of the programme is “encounters” between cultures in synchronic and diachronic perspective and in two contexts: global (Europe versus non-European world), and local (various locally or socially located cultures in Europe). It consists of three mutually permeable clusters: (i) encounters with “the other” and formation of identities, (ii) migration, and (iii) interaction. It approaches culture as a system of values, ideas, and practices formed in permanent process of reconfigurations and creative adaptations which take place in conflicts and in sharing of locally situated experience. In this approach, the topic of encounters is complementary with the concept of autopoietic systems elaborated on in RP1 Creative Laboratory. The topic is examined in historical perspective and one of its lines traces how identities are formed and transformed in culture-shaping encounters. In this respect, it broadens the study of adaptation processes and their importance for the transformation of identities explored in RP2 Socio-Cultural Adaptation by examining the area of global interaction and the topic of changing centres and peripheries. The topic is approached in a broad comparative perspective which connects historical, philological (language and literature), philosophical, and social sciences methods. On different levels, the project takes into account language diversity (including such languages as Arabic, Chinese, Asian languages), from the point of view of linguistic mediation and construction of reality, and also from the perspective of intercultural communication and intercultural translation.

The applied research focuses primarily on suggestions and strategies for state institutions, state administration bodies, NGOs, schools, and other institutions which have to deal with the topics of global migration and cultural encounters and related problems, co-existence of cultures, and cultural and social transformations. One of the results of the applied research will be activities that fulfill the public role of the university (popularization of the results in the form of articles, lectures for the public, and educational exhibitions). Similarly to RP1, one research aim focused on practical application in the area of digital humanities is the development of linguistic corpora and analyses of data from the internet which document cultural changes and changes of media and social behavior structures, focusing on global connections and current threats.

Milestones

International conference Regions of strategic importance: geographic space, cultural and political construct, analytical tools. Introducing the Institute for the Study of Strategic Regions; formulating a methodological framework for further research. For the entire RP3 and in relation to RP1 and RP2 (12/2018).

WP3.1 Identity

Using historical examples in both global and European perspectives, the work package aims at capturing the processes of identity formation as a result of a culture clash (emergence of new identity paradigms). In this context, the problem of the provincialization of Europe will also be addressed. The objective is to advance the analysis of identity as such (on various scales, i.e. Czech, Central European, general European), including its proclaimed values.

3.1.1 Tasks

T1.1 Building on the cooperation with other RP3 participants (WPs within RP3), the aim is to find new methodologies useful for trans-disciplinary area studies, with special regard to the methodology of the study of (regional) identities.

T1.2 Study of the relationship between the Czech milieu and the events outside Europe and the formation of collective identities in relationship to Others.

T1.3 In cooperation with WP3.3. (T3.4), research of theoretical topics related to the phenomenon of Orientalism in Central Europe and Bohemia from the 19th to the first half of the 20th century ‘Orientalism without colonies’, including regions other than Asia.

T1.4 Study of the broader area of the Caribbean, mainly Cuba and Venezuela, focusing on the history and context of the contemporary global political-economic processes.

T1.5 Study of colonization of the overseas regions and the formation of Europe.

T1.6 Research of the clash of different cultures, taking the perspective of the State, its rituals, and its political system.

T1.7 Study of the formation of the collective European identity and particularly Central European nations in relation to Other Europe and its Others.

T1.8 States, ideologies, and religions.

T1.9 Establishing the Ideology and Identity study group.

3.1.2 Results and Deliverables

The team members will build on the particulars of their fields of expertise and will produce several types of deliverables: monographs, including collective monographs prepared in collaboration with foreign contributors and published in foreign languages; articles published in international and, in part, domestic peer-reviewed journals included in major international databases; the minority of the deliverables will be published in journals with IF (over 50% of the publications will be published in peer-reviewed journals abroad). In addition, conferences, symposia, seminars, and workshops with international participation will be organized, research centers will be established, and, possibly, collaboration with the public sector will be initiated.

3.1.3 Milestones

M1.1 International conference Fifty Years of Center for Ibero-American Studies – Fifty Years of Complicated History of Latin America (02/2018)

M1.2 International conference Caribbean: Strategic Region of Global Importance (09/2019)

M1.3 Publication of the collective monograph Caribbean: Strategic Region of Global Importance (02/2021).

M1.4 Establishment of the Ideology and Identity study group, the workshop Tradition and modernity: religion, ideology, identity (09/2018).

M1.5 International workshop European Nations and Their Others (10/2019).

M1.6 Monograph Orientalism in Central Europe will map a hitherto neglected topic, following up on the recently revived discussion on the phenomenon of Orientalism, especially as seen from the perspective of nations without a colonial past; linked to WP3 and T1.11, in part to T1.12 (11/2021).

M1.7 Collective monograph European Nations and Their Others (09/2022).

WP3.2 Migration

This work package studies the effects of migration on human civilization from the historical perspective and from different analytic points of view. It involves the research of population movement and its impact on the society, as seen in ancient civilizations, and also the cultural and intellectual transfers in recent history, which shed light on the dynamics of the relationship between ‘cultural powers’ and small nations, as well as between different peripheral cultures. The goal is to consider the topic of migration as a natural component of human civilization since times immemorial, including migration as the precondition for cultural transfer and for creative adaptation of various stimuli which take part in the dynamic self-transformation and viability of cultures in both short- and long-term perspectives.

3.2.1 Tasks

T2.1 Discussion of the innovation of methodological procedures suitable for trans-disciplinary area studies.

T2.2 Professor Arnošt Kraus (1859-1943) and the beginnings of Czech Scandinavian studies from the perspective of the migration of cultural stimuli between two peripheral cultural environments.

T2.3 Scandinavian literature migrates to Europe –  1850-1920.

T2.4 The image of the North in the contemporary European and, by extension, Czech cultural consciousness and its roots.

T2.5 Cultural transit between Nordic and other European countries.

T2.6 Migration of the Northerners to other countries and linguistic borrowings (e.g. between Scandinavian languages and Russian or English).

T2.7 Distribution-of-Bond events during middle Holocene and their influence on the historical processes, with particular attention to migration.

T2.8 Mechanisms of the reaction to the first globalization of the world in 6th century BC and the role of the 26th dynasty in forging a new identity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization.

T2.9 History and diachrony of the cyclical and linear concepts of the meaning of history and their basis in interdisciplinary research.

T2.10 The mechanism of the first known great migration in the 12th century BC in the context of historical dynamics and specific adaptations to climate change.

T2.11 Migration-initiated processes within a particular community with migration taken in its broadest sense (of people, ideas, values).

T2.12 Study of the role of migrations and historical discontinuities in the historical process.

3.2.2  Results and Deliverables

The team members will draw on the specific aspects of their particular areas of expertise and will produce several types of deliverables: monographs, including collective monographs prepared in mutual cooperation as well as with foreign contributors and published in foreign languages; individual articles published in international and, partly, domestic peer-reviewed journals, which are indexed in major European or world databases; the minority of outputs can also be published in impacted journals (over 50% of deliverables will be published in publishing houses in scientific journals with IF abroad).

3.2.3 Milestones

M2.1 Northern Europe, migration, and the questions of identity. A collective monograph with a link to WP3.1 (12/2020).

M2.2 In place of clashes: strategies of understanding. A collective monograph with the participation of all WPs in RP3 and with a link to RP1 and RP2  (09/2022).

M2.3  Punctuated equilibria and the dynamics of historical processes. A monograph focused on the role of migration in long historical processes (08/2022).

M2.4 The role of migrations and discontinuous history. A closing workshop with international participation to discuss the preparation of a new project on the basis of the research results (04/2022).

M2.5 Interdisciplinary international conference on the processes within a particular community caused by migration in a broad sense (i.e. of people, thoughts, values) (01/2021).

WP3.3 Interactions

Using the analysis of texts and images, the aim of this work package is to track interactions of different cultures and communities and of centers and peripheries; to capture the ways, the means, and the limits of mutual understanding; and to analyze the circumstances of conflicts and finding ways to avoid them.

3.3.1 Tasks

T3.1 Discussion about the innovation of methodological procedures suitable for trans-disciplinary area studies.

T3.2 Institutional anchoring of the Strategic Regions Study Group in the form of a network of similarly oriented European Centers.

T3.3 Rudolf Dvořák (1860-1920) and the origins of Czech Oriental studies in historical and cultural contexts.

T3.4 Czech Orientalism in the 19th and 20th Century.

T3.5 Exploration of multicultural influences in Central European art and material culture, with special focus on the Far East from the early modern period to the 20th century.

T3.6 Traveling to exotic destinations, photographing, and collecting exotic objects in Bohemia at the end of the 19th century.

T3.7 Exploring the processes of identity formation and the image of the Other, of cultural transmission, adaptation, and transformation from the perspective of the Orient.

T3.8 The formation and persistence of cultural stereotypes and the ‘Orientalism without colonies’ in the period of building socialism with a shared anti-colonial ideology.

T3.9 The Circulation of Knowledge in the Early Modern Age as a source of mutual views of the majority and minority societies in Central Europe and the coexostence and conflicts between the majority and the minorities.

T3.10 Various forms of Islamic teachings and their reaction to the encounter with the West in modern times.

T3.11 The modernization process in the Far East from the perspective of the history of concepts, and from a comparative and historical perspective.

T3.12 Formulation of the general model of cultural conflicts with regard to the potential and limitations of universalism.

3.3.2 Results and Deliverables

Team members will draw on the specifics of their work in their specializations and will publish several types of deliverables: monographs, including collective monographs prepared in collaboration with each other and with international contributors and published in foreign languages; individual articles published in international and also domestic peer-reviewed magazines included in major global or European databases; some deliverables will also be available in impacted journals (over 50% of deliverables will be published with publishers and in peer-reviewed scientific journals abroad). Other deliverables will include the creation of linguistic databases, the organization of scientific conferences, symposia, seminars, and workshops with international participation, further development of the research center for the study of strategic regions, and various forms of collaboration in the public sphere, possibly museum-related activities.

3.3.3 Milestones

M3.1 Between the Orient and the Czech national awakening. An exhibition and eponymous monograph marking the 100th anniversary of Rudolf Dvořák’s death, reflecting the history of Czech Orientalism and the humanities at the Czech University at the turn of the 19th century; links T3.3, T3.4 and T1.11 (10/2022).

M3.2 Collective monograph Orientalism in Central Europe maps the previously neglected topic and follows up on the recently renewed discussion of the phenomenon of Orientalism, especially from the perspective of the experience of countries without a colonial past; links T3.4, T3.5, T3.6 and T3.8 and also relates to T1.11 and partly to T1.12 (04/2022).

M3.3 In place of clashes: strategies of understanding. A collective monograph in Czech. with the participation of all WPs within the RP3 and with a link to RP1 (09/2022).

M3.4 Establishment of an international working group for the study of strategic regions and the operation of an information portal (06/2018).